Antismoking campaigns and prevention programs in middle schools may be beneficial in teaching adolescents about the harms of smoking and drinking. Students who have been smoking and drinking in middle school may continue to smoke and drink throughout high school and even be at a higher risk for alcohol abuse in their lifetime. Thus, using evidence based approaches to inform adolescents about addiction treatment may be helpful in reducing the number of students who trying drinking and smoking. Parenting style is another key indicator of drinking and smoking by adolescents where subprime parenting may lead to an increased risk of tobacco use by middle school students. Individualized drug and alcohol treatment programs can help to reduce the risk of substance abuse in adolescents and possibly help them address any underlying issues. Previous studies have shown that school-level use of tobacco and alcohol are related to individual student use in high school. However, few studies have examined the influence of school-level use in early adolescence, and little is known about modifying factors of individual vulnerability to school-level influences. A team of researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham examined school-level use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana in early adolescence as well as the role of peer deviance and parenting style as modifiers of the school-level effects (Mrug et. al., 2010). In this cross-section of students, the researchers recruited 542 students from 49 middle schools in the area of Birmingham, Alabama. Students self-reported their use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana as well as peer deviance in the past 12 months. Parents of the participants self-reported on parenting style, providing information about nurturance and discipline. School-wide levels of use for the various substances were obtained from school-wide surveys completed by all students in grades 6 through 8 at all of the middle schools. The researchers then employed multilevel logistic regression to examine individual use as a function of school-level use for each substance. The effects of peer deviance and parenting style were also examined. Results showed that school-level use of cigarettes were associated with individual student smoking. Among the middle school students in this study, school-level use of alcohol and marijuana were not related to individual use; this contrasts findings among high school students in other students. However, in the current study the relationships of school-level smoking and alcohol use were stronger for students with parents who reported poorer parenting practices. The researchers concluded that antismoking and addiction treatment and prevention programs at the middle school likely should target middle schools with high rates of tobacco use. Additionally, this study suggests that students with suboptimal parenting may derive more benefit from increased support in drug treatment and prevention problems. Several studies have suggested that a parenting style that is both supportive and authoritative may deter adolescents from substance abuse in middle school. A 2003 survey found that 24 percent of 8th grades reported using alcohol in the past 30 days. School-level and community intervention programs may reduce risk for adolescent substance abuse at specific schools.
If you are offering some form of public transportation system such as a bus network, however limited, it is practically essential that you also provide school bus stop shelters for passengers to use while they are waiting for the service. No matter how regular the bus service, there will still be a wait between the runs, and in inclement weather, passengers will not appreciate having to stand out in the rain or high wind while they wait for the bus to arrive. If you are installing a number of school bus stop shelters in order to provide comfort for your passengers, there are a number of factors that you will have to consider. The first thing to think about is the size of the shelters that you need. For limited service networks such as those around an industrial estate where the passenger numbers are relatively small, the school bus stop shelters do not need to be all that big, while on a public bus network, the shelters need to be appropriate to the number of passengers that you expect to see at each stop. Although school bus stop shelters are maid to order, there are a number of standard features that have been built into the design including the use of corrosion resistant aluminum throughout the framework, and tempered glass for additional safety. Passengers will typically make most use of the school bus stop shelters during rainy weather, so the most important element of the design is that it is large enough to provide cover to how ever many people are waiting for the bus at any one time. In some environments, such as northern territories where both wind and rain are problems, providing a fully enclosed shelter is advisable, as this provides much better protection for users, and prevents the wind from being too much of a problem. In hotter areas, the bus stop shelter can provide shade to avoid getting burned by the sun while waiting for a bus. With more and more people turning to public transportation thanks to the environmental benefits that it offers above traveling in a private car. This means an increasing number of passengers, which in time requires greater investment in infrastructure in order to ensure that all the services that customers require are provided to a high standard. With passengers who are being converted into using a public transport network instead of their private car, the main things that it needs to be perceived to offer are convenience and comfort. Factors such as the quality of the school bus stop shelters are absolutely essential. You should ensure that the shelters offer seating for enough people – this is usually achieved with the installation of a bench that can be integrated into the construction of the unit. Lighting can be added to most designs by using a solar power system that will prevent the need to connect the shelter to the mains electricity, as well as emphasizing the environmentally friendly and sustainable aspects of public transportation systems to the users.
I’ve usually considered sailing the countryside in a engine home but was not going to commit with the financial obligation. I was up in Minnesota last summer lookin at certain property whenever I watched a college bus for sale. Well I wasn’t certain what that has been about because I thought the buses hauled children till the college bus rotted away.On how away I saw it again and I may view the for sale sign a little more obvious now. I saw $1,500 on the sign and inquired regarding it. Mainly away of fascination. So today I feel along the way of creating a college bus conversion and this is one way I got curious in the oil auto concept.I was driving it home found on the highway which had been 700 miles from Indianapolis. At the rest stop I watched a bus like mine but coated up all good and had a younger person driving. After a brief chat with him I come to find away he was running his bus on vegetable oil and therefore I may do the same factor.This is a fascinating subject should you are like everyone else and are sick of the dependence on gas. The fuel for this car is named bio-diesel and was produced from all domestic and alternative resources. We use petroleum based goods for most of our gas requirements and with all the pollutants that come from burning gas, fine heck. I’m ready to do some experimenting.Biodiesel refuses to contain petroleum and It can be blended at any stage with petroleum diesel to produce a bio-diesel mix. This fuel is free from sulphur and aromatics and Its nontoxic and biodegradable. But my appeal was how inexpensive the gas may become. I might have with use waste vegetable oil with create this value whilst in the pocket book. So lets get some facts straightened outAccording with Wikipedia, ( Biodiesel pertains with a diesel-equivalent manufactured gas made up of brief chain alkyl (methyl or ethyl) esters, produced by transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats, that are used (alone, or blended with traditional diesel fuel) in unmodified diesel-engine vehicles).In chemical terms, Bio-diesel consists of extended chain oily acids based on alternative fat sources. The fat (vegetable oil, animal fat or, because in the task, cooking oil) is treated with a light alcohol in the presence of a catalyst. This offers two goods, glycerine and Bio-diesel, each of which are bio-degradable and non-hazardous.A task through which triglycerides-containing, short-chain oily acid residues are interesterified enzymatically with long-chain oily acids or their esters, whilst removing the liberated short-chain oily acid ingredients within the reaction mix. I really need to be understood before mobile on. Because these are the questions I had whenever finding the oil auto concept.I wish To explain that one longer with drive this home. I had a problem with defining what bio-diesel is. Mainly why bio-deisel must have diesel engine modification for just one type of bio-diesel and doesn’t require engine modification for the other task. Plus straight vegetable oil is not called bio-diesel in certain groups. Now the oil auto is named a oil auto regardless of which type of bio-fuel I use. This is why I am getting into with all of that bio-diesel factor with begin with.Biodiesel goes through a refinery task called transesterification. It is produced from any vegetable oil or fat. The glycerin must be removed within the oil. Transesterification is a reaction of the oil with an alcohol to take out the glycerin that is a by product of bio-diesel production. The glycerin are discarded.I mentioned before that both resulting substances from transesterifcation was biodegradable and non hazardous. Biodiesel is blended with petroleum diesel in every percentage or used because pure gas. Bio-diesel that meets standard ASTM D6751 and is legally registered with all the Environmental Protection Agency is a legal engine gas for sale and submission.This gas for sale usually not understand diesel found on the pump. It usually understand bio-deisel. When used in diesel gas motors, biodiesel performance is similar to petroleum-based diesel gas. There is a higher viscosity in bio-diesel with with be reduced to improve the atomisation in the injector system which provides the correct spray pattern.There are a type of simple processes for reducing the viscosity meaning you wont need to do any modification with the engine. Fleet owners have found that Bio-diesel offers like operating performance with traditional diesel gas. This offers it a significant advantage over other potential ‘alternative’ fuels.Is biodiesel the same factor because raw vegetable oil ? No. Are they each called biodiesel ?Yes occasionally.To begin with raw vegetable oil cannot meet biodiesel gas standards, it is actually not registered with all the EPA, and it is actually not a legal engine gas. To make this gas concoction you’ll use vegetableoil, animal fat or each. Now this really is where It gets perplexing with this bio-diesel, animal fat and ( SVO ) factor. SVO ( straight clean vegetable oil ) usually not have to be manufactured or modified with run the diesel engine because prolonged because the diesel engine is converted or modified with except ( SVO ). Now this is simply not automatically a true statement. I’ve heard conflicting answers inside subject. There are different oils and certain work a lot better than people.Now I recognize that waste vegetable oil or fryer oil ( WVO ) should be de-watered, de-acidfied, and filtered before used with fuel the engine. There usually have to become a modification of the engine with run the ( WVO ). The diesel engine must have modifications with run Raw vegetable oil of every type. You have possibly understand somewhere that enables you to just put clean vegetable oil in the gas tank plus the engine usually just fire up and go. Well yes with no.The engine couldfairly well run without any modifications with the engine or SVO. But its going with damage the engine in the long run and when you get involved with lower temperatures you’ll be dead in this particular. You need to consider the specks of the engine shape. I’ve heard about gas pumps wearing away within the gas viscosity being more than the pump was built for. There are different SVO retrofit packages with select from and all kit builders swear by their product. I have reason with doubt their shape except I understand anything bad on line.I have watched numerous articles exactly what may go wrong. I will have an answer quickly though because I are wanting with strike the road with all the college bus conversion project .My bus is an 87 bluebird so I don’t need to stress regarding a computerized gas system. I have heard regarding them not excepting veggie oil at all.The oil auto is an vehicle with a diesel engine running off of a gas created from a vegetable oil or animalfat chemical modification. That’s what I feel struggling with accomplish with this project. I have been reading where individuals are driving on bio-diesel gas for 46 cents a gallon and therefore is fairly enticing.
First aid kits are a standard feature on school buses continent-wide. While that basic white box with the Red Cross on the front is a familiar and welcome symbol, seeing a first aid kit in place is not enough to guarantee that a school bus is well-equipped. A recent accident in Florida brought home the fact that the simple presence of a first aid kit is no indication of its contents and their usefulness. In this particular case, people rushing to help a young bicyclist hit by a school bus found that the bus’s first aid kit contained rotten gauze that disintegrated in their hands. This situation raises questions about school bus safety checks and the effectiveness of inspections that merely verify the bus has a sealed kit on board. With no expiry date and no way to tell how long any particular kit has been in place, officials can’t judge the soundness of a first aid kit. In light of this, some school boards are already taking steps. Tracking kits is one way to ensure that they don’t outstay their shelf life. Officials can monitor when a kit is installed on a bus and also make record of the disposal of expired kits. Another way to ensure the safety and effectiveness of first aid kits is to conduct random checks of their contents – making sure all the necessary features are inside and opening some of the individual packages to make sure they’re in good shape. In Florida it was the gauze that went bad, a serious concern, since school bus kits generally contain several gauze pads and bandages. There are other items contained in the kit that could also degrade with the passage of time, including adhesive strips or tape, eye pads, CPR face shields and ointments. As school and transport safety officials have begun to realize, having well-stocked first aid kits on school buses is not enough. The best stocked kit in the world isn’t any good if the contents have outlived their usefulness – only organized first aid kit tracking and more thorough inspections can ensure a safe and effective kit.
It is ludicrous to think people have to be reminded to drive safely around school buses. Drivers have a duty of care and that duty of care should be heightened when it concerns the safety of our children. Minnesota Statute 169.444 addresses the safety of school children regarding the duties of other drivers (other than the bus driver). It states: When a school bus is stopped where signs have been erected, and the bus is displaying the stop arm and flashing red lights, the driver of a vehicle approaching the bus must stop at least 20 feet away from the bus and shall not move until the school bus stop-signal arm is retracted and the red lights are no longer flashing. No person may pass or attempt to pass a school bus on the right when the school bus is displaying the pre-warning flashing amber lights. Furthermore, it is a misdemeanor for a driver to pass or attempt to pass a school bus in a motor vehicle when a school child is outside of and on the street or highway used by the school bus or on the adjacent sidewalk. If a child is hit catching the bus, an investigation is critical. Every aspect of the accident must be examined and analyzed to determine liable parties. The following questions need to be answered: • Did the vehicle try to stop? • Were there skid marks? • Were the flashing red lights on? • Was the stop arm extended? • Was the bus driver watching traffic to determine if the vehicles were stopping? • Was the bus driver watching the child to offer guidance on when it was safe to cross the road? • Was the bus driver distracted by other traffic, by kids on the bus, drinking, eating, reading, adjusting mirrors or using a cellphone? • Was the driver distracted by other people in the vehicle, talking on a cellphone, texting, eating, drinking, putting on make-up or any other type of distraction? • Did the weather play a part in the accident? Was the sun blinding? Was it icy, foggy, snowy, dawn or dusk? • Did all drivers involved have valid licenses? • Did all drivers involved have clean driving records? Both adults and children need to be aware of school bus safety issues. Young children do not fully understand our dangerous world. They tend to be trusting – they trust adults to protect them and they trust drivers to see them and watch out for them. If a child is hit while crossing the road to get on the school bus, you may have a claim against the driver of the car, bus driver, bus company, school district and others for the following: • Medical expenses • Physical therapy • Occupational therapy • Speech therapy • Lost wages • Pain and suffering (includes disability, disfigurement, physical pain and emotional distress) • Loss of quality of life • Other damages A big, yellow school bus is difficult to miss when you are driving down the road. Drivers need to be more attentive and cautious around school buses. They need to watch for children and be prepared to stop. Adults are responsibility for the safety of children. They are our future.
Some established Phoenix Schools districts are just a few areas in the Valley that are losing students to charter schools, private schools, and other districts. These Phoenix schools districts have for many years added classrooms and teachers to keep up with their growing populations. Now, they are experiencing decline in enrollments for various reasons.
Since funding is readily available to Phoenix schools that are in a growth cycle, the enrollment decline means loses in badly needed revenues. It also means losses in local, state and federal funding, which also are based upon the student population. This could mean millions in lost funding to the Phoenix schools.
Along with schools in Mesa and Scottsdale, the Phoenix schools are taking aggressive action. Some school districts are aggressively marketing to recruit students from neighboring districts, as well as to reacquire students who have moved to private schools. Street banners announce the start of schools in some districts, beefing up the Phoenix schools image in others.
The Phoenix schools are battling to keep their current student enrollment levels, while searching for methods to recruit more students. The Phoenix schools face increasing competition from charter schools, as well as private schools that offer more exclusivity to the Phoenix schools’ students.
Enrollment throughout the Valley, overall, continues to increase; thus, supporting the findings of an enrollment study for Paradise Valley school district by Applied Economics. They found that charter and private schools were luring students from the district at increasing rates.
The Phoenix schools districts know that new residential housing developments are planned within their districts. The problem is how to plan for such increase in student population – Will they attend the traditional Phoenix schools or opt for a charter or private school. By the time the Phoenix schools have an answer to this quandary, it will be too late to build the needed facilities. Overcrowding in the Phoenix schools already will have been felt.
The Phoenix schools are hurt further by the state law on school funding. When the Phoenix schools experience a decline in student enrollment, they lose funding. Additionally, according to this law, there is a mandated drop in how much additional funding the Phoenix schools can obtain, even through local funding sources.
Lastly, additional funding for construction and renovation of facilities that is available during a growth cycle of the Phoenix schools is nonexistent during an enrollment decline. This makes the average $8,000 per student with extra for students with various types of situations and disabilities, less than adequate for schools that already are dealing with budget and funding concerns.
Whether you choose to enter the job market with a high school vs. college graduation under you belt can have a very significant impact on the jobs you will be able to do and the amount of money you will be able to make.
According to a report entitled “The Big Payoff: Educational Attainment and Synthetic Estimates of Work-Life Earnings,” a person with a high school degree can expect to earn an average of $1.2 million over the course of their working life, and a person with a bachelor’s degree can expect to earn an average of $2.1 million dollars over the same period of time. The report estimates that people with a master’s degree will earn an average of $2.5 million, people with doctoral degrees will earn an average of $3.4 million dollars, and those who get professional degrees will earn the most, an average of $4.4 million.
That said, all those figures are an average, so it doesn’t mean they are written in stone. There are good-paying careers you might pursue with only a high school diploma. Construction contractors can make a lot of money. So can entrepreneurs, small business owners or investors. All of those careers can be difficult, risky and taxing, but they do offer the possibility for a person to make an excellent living without a college degree.
Then there are good-paying careers that require a two-year technical education such as plumbing, electrician work or nursing. Those careers pay fairly well and offer opportunities for advancement and entrepreneurship.
On the flip side, there are many careers that require a bachelor’s degree (or higher) that do not pay very well at all. To be a teacher, social worker or public interest lawyer, you almost always need an advanced degree. Yet these professions do not offer tremendous financial rewards.
When you are considering going to college in terms of how it will help you make more money, you should think about what type of job you want. If your dream is to become a general contractor, you might be better off getting construction experience, learning skills on the job rather than in a classroom. Or if your goal is to make a good deal of money with only a bachelor’s degree you might not want to graduate with an English, Sociology or Philosophy degree. Choose a more financially rewarding course of study like Engineering or Accounting.
In general, we encourage high school graduates to go on to college. A college degree is viewed as the traditional pathway to success. As stated earlier in this article, the general financial trends support that notion.
However, it is crucial for every person to do what is right for them. Sometimes, opportunities open up when they are least expected. And other times, the most obvious pathway to financial success is less rewarding. We know that people with advanced degrees make more money, but these degrees take time and money to earn. People spend years of their lives and take on a massive debt load to earn these degrees. So, they may make more money, but they will owe a significant portion of that money.
Be sure you know what you want. Have a realistic idea of how to get there, and go for it.
One of the things I appreciated, only after graduating college graduation, was that my school employed professors, who had “real world” experience. I cannot tell you how many times we heard a professor say, “Okay, that’s what the textbook tells you. Now, let me tell you how it works in the real world.”
Textbooks only give students a foundation on which to build later in a real job. Often times, the real world does not follow the procedures set forth in or look/act anything like those models in the textbooks, making it difficult to adjust. You expect one thing in a new job but discover another, feeling lost as to how to proceed.
The Florida Schools in partnership with the National Foundation for Teaching Entrepreneurship (NFTE) are introducing some of the “real world” into the Florida schools. Beginning with the 2007-2008 school year, high school students in the Florida schools will be able to sign up for a major course in entrepreneurship at participating schools.
In June 2006, then governor Jeb Bush signed the A++ Education Act, which offers 442 additional major coursework in the Florida schools. The entrepreneurship course is one of these offerings.
The importance of teaching such a course to secondary Florida schools’ students is not lost on businesses that complain across the nation that high school graduates are not prepared to enter today’s workforce upon graduation. The Florida schools’ entrepreneurship course will teach students vital business skills that will benefit the entire community and economy. With business being primarily knowledge-based, knowing how to use technology and employ critical thinking skills are essential for Florida schools’ graduates. As well as providing this training, the new Florida schools’ entrepreneurship course will create a new awareness for the students.
The NFTE was instrumental in the development of the entrepreneurship program for the Florida schools. The group is committed to providing entrepreneurship education to low-income and minority youth. They believe that introducing entrepreneurship to high school students gives them greater motivation to stay in school in order to do more with their life after graduation. Entrepreneurship offers hope and an opportunity for many students, who feel that there is nothing for them after high school except minimum wage jobs. It gives them the knowledge and confidence that they can do more.
The nationwide program of the NFTE has shown that entrepreneurship coursework at the high school level decreases the drop out rate and increases the number of students who go on to college. Their claim has been documented by Harvard Graduate School of Education in a multi-year study on the influence of NFTE coursework on school engagement. The NFTE currently has high school coursework programs in 47 states and 16 countries with over 150,000 courses worldwide, and there are 23 Florida schools within the Miami-Dade County Public School District that already successfully use the entrepreneurship program.
With the signing of the Act in 2006, the Florida schools have become the model for school boards across the nation. Florida schools’ officials have been receiving telephone calls from as far away as Arizona and California. Other states wish to emulate the Florida schools and their new entrepreneurship program to bring the “real world” to their high school students, as well.
San Diego is the premier Southern California vacation destination whether you are traveling with your family or alone. The weather is next to perfect year-round in sunny So. Cal. There are countless places to visit, including beautiful beaches, theme parks, museums, California missions and eateries just to name a few. While visiting this city area, you won’t want to miss the World Famous SeaWorld water park, home to Shamu the Killer Whale. Seeing a killer whale up close is an experience you will never forget. You can spend a full day here exploring all of the different fascinating creatures of the sea. There are plenty of water shows featuring the sea life throughout the day.
SeaWorld also boasts a large play area including theme park rides for the big and small. Exclusive park experiences are also offered, such as the Dolphin Interaction Program, Beluga Interaction Program, Dolphin Encounter, Animal Spotlight Tour and The Penguin Experience Tour. San Diego Zoo is another hot spot. It is one of the largest zoos in the world with nine different animal zones and home to over 4,000 birds and animals and more than 800 species. Guided tours are offered or you may prefer to wander around the massive park by foot to take in all of the beautiful scenery. You can witness the feeding rituals for the big cats, panda bears and more. The San Diego Zoo is one spot that is a must see during your trip to San Diego.
LEGOLAND theme park is fun for kids of all ages. It’s amazing to see just what can be built out of LEGOs! Play with and build LEGOs or wander the park and take a ride on the LEGO bus. Kids can get their driver’s license after practicing on the LEGOLAND Volvo driving school and race track. LEGOLAND is just north of the city and is a great way to spend time with your loved ones. California’s First Mission is also located in this city, Mission Basilica San Diego De Alcala. You’ll be able to take a look at how some of the first missionaries lived their day to lives. Take in the sights of the church and the craftsmanship of these buildings. It’s both educational and inspiring for all.
San Diego boasts some of Southern California’s most beautiful beaches. Some favorite beaches are Mission Beach, Coronado Beach, La Jolla Cove, Cardiff and Carlsbad beach. Paddle boards, surf boards, kayaks, sailboats, bicycles, roller blades and strollers are available at most of the local beaches for rental. The sandy beaches are perfect for families and sandcastle building.
Hotel Del Coronado is located on Coronado Island, right over the bridge from San Diego and is a beautiful destination in the San Diego area with exquisite dining and accommodations. The Hotel is said to be haunted. Nightlife is not to be left out while you are visiting. The San Diego nightlife scene has some of the most diverse, classy, hippest and trendiest places around. Whether you’re in the mood for socializing, hanging out, having a few cocktails or dancing the night away, you will not be disappointed. Make sure to check out the Gas Lamp district downtown where there are abundant restaurants and you can walk from night club to night club during your visit to San Diego.
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Long ago, parents packed up their children’s lunch-pails and sent them off to the schoolhouse. Many children only attended part of the year; they were needed at home to help with the spring planting and the fall harvest. The schoolmaster’s word was law as far as education was concerned, and it was assumed that he knew a whole lot more about the children than the parents did – especially where education was concerned. These days, while we still hold teachers in high esteem, we have come to realize that parents are an important part of the educational processes that our children go through.
Communication is Key
For the majority of parents sending their kids to San Diego schools, it is no longer acceptable to pack the kids off on the bus and see them at the end of the day to maybe talk about the events at school, or to not (depending on the child!). These days, parents want to know more and more about what their little darlings are getting up to all day while they’re away at school, and communicating with the teachers is the best way for San Diego schools parents to find out.
The Parent-Teacher Conference
At least once a year, parents and the teachers of San Diego schools get together to discuss the progress of the students. Ranging in time from approximately 10 minutes to 45 minutes or even an hour (depending on the degree of information to be discussed), the parent-teacher conference is held as a means to update parents on how their kids are doing in San Diego schools, and to allow the teachers to gain more insight into the personalities and character traits of their students – through the eyes of the parents. Social interactions with other San Diego schools’ students, teachers and staff may be discussed, as well as any suggestions for improving said relationships. Academic performance while attending San Diego schools is also on the agenda, and teachers of San Diego schools use the conference as a forum to discuss the progress (or lack thereof) of the student in an amount of detail that is not typically available via report cards.
A Previously Overlooked Resource
Unfortunately, the integral piece of this puzzle is frequently overlooked – the student! A San Diego schools education can be looked at as a sort of triangle – with three components: the teacher, the parents, and the student. Including students in the conferences which are all about them is a good idea. Even elementary San Diego schools students can participate in a conference which discusses their progress.
Including students as part of the parent-teacher conference is a great way for the San Diego schools’ student to physically witness that they are the recipient of a powerful team who has their best interests at heart. It undoubtedly conveys the message that their education while in San Diego schools is important, and worthwhile.
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